South Africa offers a range of birding habitats, from grasslands, wetlands and forests, to savannahs, fynbos, the seashore and open oceans. Bird-watching in South Africa allows birders to explore a diverse range of habitats. These habitats offer a spectacular diversity of beautiful birds, from the diminutive, fynbos-restricted Orange-breasted Sunbird to the large, desert-adapted Ludwig’s Bustard. A remarkable 841 bird species are found in South Africa, about eight percent of the world’s bird species. Seventy-four species are endemic to South Africa, i.e. they do not occur naturally anywhere else in the world.
The Western Cape hosts many endemics species. These endemics include fynbos specials such as Orange-breasted Sunbird, Cape Sugarbird, Cape Siskin and Protea Seedeater. The West Coast National Park attracts large numbers of waders from their arctic breeding grounds during the southern summer months.
The Garden Route has a Mediterranean Maritime climate, with moderately hot summers, and mild to chilly winters. Bird specials include Forest Buzzard, African Crowned Eagle, Knysna Turaco, Emerald Cuckoo, Half-collared Kingfisher, Narina Trogon, Knysna Woodpecker, Chorister Robin-Chat, Knysna Warbler and Olive Bush-Shrike
Further inland, the fynbos-clad mountains give way to the arid expanse of the Karoo. The Karoo semi-desert with its arid landscapes offers many sought-after dry western specials, including Karoo Eremomela, Cinnamon-breasted Warbler, Namaqua Warbler and Karoo Korhaan.