Southern Namibia is home to the world’s second largest canyon, the Fish River Canyon. Here the rocky landscape drops vertically by 550m, out of a flat plateau, creating a dramatic landscape of towering cliffs and colourful rock stratas. The Fish River Canyon meanders between boulders at the bottom of the canyon for approx. 160km. The canyon starts near Seeheim and ends at Ai-Aisand.
The Fish River Canyon probably formed about 500 million years ago during the pluvial times - a rainy climatic epoch - many millions of years ago. However, the gorge was not only created by water erosion, but also through the collapse of the valley bottom due to movements in the earth's crust.
In winter, during the dry season, the river bed is often completely dry or reduced to just some pools here and there. However, after rainfalls in summer the river can become a raging torrent.
The Fish River Canyon is the venue for one of Africa’s toughest hikes, but mostly it is visited for spectacular scenery – it is one of the most impressive natural sites in Africa
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